Sports can be divided into individual and team sports. Which of them fall into the latter category? What exactly do they consist of?
Soccer is by far the most popular team sport in the world. Two teams compete against each other in a game. The team that scores the most goals in a 90-minute game (2 halves, 45 minutes each) is the winner. Football matches are played on a rectangular pitch covered with turf between 90 and 120 meters long and between 45 and 90 meters wide. A soccer team consists of 11 players. These include a goalkeeper, strikers, defenders and midfielders. In addition, a soccer team usually has 7 substitutes.
How is soccer played? The players’ task is to keep possession of the ball in such a way that it is not intercepted by the opposing team. The ball is passed with a leg or a head to a partner and then kicked into the opponent’s goal. The goalkeeper is the only player who can touch and catch the ball with his hands in the penalty area.
An equally popular team sport is basketball. What is this sport? The game is played here between 2 teams, each with 5 players. The team with the most points wins. A basketball match consists of four quarters, each lasting 10 minutes. In the event of a tie, five-minute overtime periods are played until a score is determined. During the game, a member of the team may act as a player, substitute or an excluded player. The captain is a player who has been nominated by the coach to represent the team. He may address the referees when the ball is dead and the game clock is stopped. As for the coach, however, he may contact the referees. At least 40 minutes before the start of the match, he is required to announce the name of all team members who will participate in the game.
Volleyball is another popular team sport. The game involves 2 teams that consist of 6 players. These players include an attacker, a playmaker, 2 receivers, 2 middles and a libero who rotates with the middle player who is on the defensive line when the team takes a play. What is a volleyball match? Volleyball is based on bouncing the ball in such a way that it passes over the net and touches the other team’s half of the court. Each team is allowed 3 rebounds. These are rebound, exhibition and attack. A point is scored when the ball touches the opponent’s half of the court or falls outside the court and one member of the opposing team touches it last. The match continues until one of the teams wins 3 sets. 25 points must be scored in each set, with a minimum of 2 points advantage.
This team sport is commonly called handball. It involves 2 teams with 7 players each. The goal is to score more goals than the opposing team. A goal is scored when the ball crosses the goal line on its entire circumference and finds itself inside the goal. The ball can be thrown, caught, pushed, stopped or hit. Each player (except for the goalkeeper) cannot take more than 3 steps while holding the ball in his hand. After leaving the forbidden zone, the goalkeeper becomes an offensive player. Consequently, he is subject to the same rules as the other players. Team members play on the following positions: pivot, playmaker, winger and goalie. A handball match consists of 2 games of 30 minutes each. There is a 10-minute break between them.
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